Gorontalo located in the Northern are of Sulawesi Island which is the newest province in Sulawesi. Become independent as a new province on December 5th, 2000 after being split from North Sulawesi Province. The capital is named after the Province and it covers more 12,000 sq. km. with a population of 840,000. The area is a mixture of extensive coastlines, rugged mountains, and a large central valley almost entirely surrounded by steep slopes. The Mountainous panorama of Gorontalo serves a magnificent scene, and it’s also a place to live for various kinds of unique animals and trees, such as Babi Rusa, Anoa, Tarsius, Maleo bird and many other endemics species. Maleo bird is one of the famous endemics from Gorontalo area which is sized as a chicken, but the Maleo egg is 10x then the chicken egg size. Another endemics which can be found around the are is Tarsius, the smallest primate in the whole world; it has approximately 10 cm length. Gorontalo’s Forest covers with Ebony, Lingua, antu, Meranti and Rattan trees.
The southern part of Gorontalo’s sea, which is known as Tomini Bay, there are a number of small islands that spreads around the sea called The Togian Islands. Those islands are still unsettled and the white sand surrounds each of the islands. Tomini Bay is a heaven for the divers, because the geographic position of Tomini Bay itself, which is crossed by the equator line, has naturally presented various kinds of sea creature inside.
According to local legend, Gorontalo appeared when the seas subsided, leaving a wide land area with three mountains in the middle. This legend is plausible given the presence of high limestone cliffs along the southern coastline where ancient corals and giant shells are clearly evident in the cliffs. Scuba diving along this coastline is spectacular. Before the arrival of foreign influences, Gorontalo was organized into a federation of five kingdoms. This federation had a representative assembly to choose the king and then to advise him. Succession was not hereditary but based on the worthiness of the candidate and popular sentiment. A bad king could be – and was – removed by vote. Queens also came to power. This system had been functioning since the 14th century.